Learn how to use camera DSLR online in easy

Choosing a Shutter Speed

As settings are experimented with, such as with the three boardwalk images, it is important to remember the impact that adjusting the f/stop has on the results of an image. When it comes to low light photography, this is even more critical. Why? Because with low light there are many times when it is better to let more light in with a larger aperture, allowing for a faster shutter speed. With best high speed camera, you can have no worry about this.

When using a shutter speed of less than 250,1 highly recommend using a tripod for stability. This is even more true when there is a big, telephoto lens on the camera, as they add more weight, which can be tricky to keep braced. Shutter speeds faster than 250, with or without a tripod, will cut dowm on blurred images. There are times when a photographer intentionally slows the shutter speed in order to blur an image, like the headlights in this night shot. If that’s the case, then a slow shutter speed is called for. If the desired outcome is to freeze a moving object, then use a faster shutter speed.

Photo Credit: Heather Hummel Photography

While this may initially seem confusing, once these concepts are explored out in the field, they eventually become almost automatic.

Composition

It is rather amazing what humans subconsciously process when they view a photograph. Many have a simple knowing that a photograph (or painting) is composed well or not because much of it stems from what transpires in the connection between the work of art and the brain. In other words, we know what we like when we see it with best lens for canon 80D.

Photo Credit: Heather Hummel Photography . Composition stems from having a creative eye, rather than using a specific technical setting, such as aperture or shutter speed. Composition also matters in every genre of photography—landscape, portraiture, street, journalism, fine art, etc. No matter the subject or the photographic event, if the composition does not resonate, the shot will be a flop. Alternatively, if the photographer nails the composition, the photograph will be a success. Understanding the Rule of Thirds

The foundational method of composition is the “ Rule of Thirds.” It is a simple enough rule that once understood, photographers can’t help but think about it when capturing an image. When it comes to composition, the Rule of Thirds is one of the first concepts amateur photographers should learn.

What is the Rule of Thirds? DSLRs have the option of displaying a typical nine section grid, such as this one. When this grid is displayed, it breaks the camera’s horizontal screen dowm into nine squares, equaling three horizontal and three vertical squares.

The concept of the Rule of Thirds is to place the subject in the top, bottom, left or the right third of the grid, also known as the frame. Breaking the Rule of Thirds is when the subject is placed smack in the middle of the frame. The idea is to split the image, such as this simplistic example of a bale of hay, into a 1:2 ratio (one third and two thirds), instead of in half.

Photo Credit: Heather Hummel Photography

One reason why this rule works is because of this: if a photographic subject is placed smack in the middle of the image, it is what artists consider static. In other words, the viewers’ eyes are drawn to the subject, but then have nowhere to go from there because the subject is placed in equal distance from all four edges. The eye is drawn to the middle and stays there, hence being static. However, when the Rule of Thirds is used, and the photographic subject is positioned on one of the edges, be it left, right, top, or bottom, it instinctively forces the eye to follow it. This, by default, allows viewers to linger on the photograph, which makes for a compelling photo because it becomes nearly interactive.

Take these three photos of the Jacksonville, Florida sunset as an example. Proven Theory

Photographers and artists use the Rule of Thirds because of its timeless and proven theory. However, we all know rules were written to be broken, right? Photography’s Rule of Thirds is the perfect example. In fact, if rules are meant to be broken, it would certainly be in the creative realm. With that said, a rule ought to be understood before being broken.

Many amateur photographers break the Rule of Thirds because they simply and innocently don’t even know it exists. Yet, a seasoned photographer not only abides by the rule, but knows best how to bend, twist, or break it.

3. Tripods

Bow Down to the Tripod

In photography, the equation is simple: shaking equals blurring. Hand holding a camera in low light increases the odds that the shot will be blurry. With a tripod, the shutter can stay open as long as needed—minutes and even hours, and as long the camera remains still, the picture won’t be blurry. Yet, too many photographers dread pulling out their tripod because they are clunky, and some are even downright heavy. They can be a hassle to carry around, especially when out in nature. However, by using a tripod it can make the difference between an amateur shot and an epic shot worthy of framing for hanging on a wall or at least a lot of likes on Facebook.

Steady at the Wheel Means Sharp Images . Simply put, the most compelling reason to use a tripod is to increase the camera’s stability. The last thing a photographer wants their camera to be is unsteady like a newborn colt!

Camera stability is what tripods were made for, and when stability’ is in place, razor-sharp images are more likely to happen.

Photo Credit: Heather Hummel Photography

Sadly, the extra bit of time taken to unpack and set up a tripod tends to discourage some photographers. Yes, it certainly does take extra time. Nevertheless, isn’t it better to ensure a selection of sharper images after all the time spent heading into the woods, fields, rivers, mountains, oceans, or wherever else a photography muse leads? The tripod will certainly help to avoid coming home with blurred images (and possibly a few ticks or mosquito bites, too).

Note that there will be times when Mother Nature can interfere, such as during high winds, which can obviously rattle a tripod and camera around a bit. In conditions such as these, further adjustments will need to be made.

Tripod Set Up and Two-Second Timers

Uncertain footing beneath a camera, which is commonplace in landscape photography, is to be expected. This is why tripods are built with a multitude of adjustments. To make the camera as level as possible, adjust the individual leg lengths to accommodate for ground that isn’t level. It isn’t uncommon for my tripods to have one leg up on a rock while the other two are in sand or dirt.

Once the camera and tripod are set, use the two second self-timer to ensure pressing the shutter button doesn’t shake the camera. To find out how to set the self-timer on your specific camera, check with the camera’s user manual or do a quick Google or YouTube search. The answer is bound to be out there, especially for current digital cameras.

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